How To Determine 4 Face Skin Type and Select The Right Care

Determine Face Skin

The beauty and health of facial skin directly depends on daily care. If your skin is not happy, you may just be using the wrong products. There are 4 types of skin with their own needs. In this article – the features of different skin types and beauty routines for each of them.

1. Dry Skin

Characteristic Signs

Dry skin is matte, delicate and thin. She is not prone to breakouts and acne formation, but in the absence of adequate care, peeling, irritation, a feeling of tightness and wrinkles can occur. The fact is that this type of skin lacks lipids, which are necessary to retain moisture and protect against negative environmental influences.

How to Care for Dry Skin

Dry skin is sensitive to temperature conditions and requires not only hydration, but also enhanced nutrition, especially in the cold season. It’s also important to choose alcohol-free skin care products. Otherwise, cosmetics will dry out the skin even more.

An Example of a Care Scheme

  1. Cleaning and washing – makeup remover cleansing balm and cream for washing with cotton oil
  2. Toning – moisturizing spray with hyaluronic acid
  3. Moisturizing – active moisturizing cream
  4. Intensive care (1-2 times a week) – regenerating mask with prebiotics

2. Oily Skin

Characteristic Signs

Oily skin has enlarged pores that clog quickly, leading to inflammation and blackheads. With this type of skin, the sebaceous glands work too actively, and an oily sheen appears a couple of hours after washing. At the same time, oily skin has an obvious advantage – it ages more slowly when compared with other types.

How to Care for Oily Skin

Oily skin requires gentle but intense cleansing. Moisturize your face every day, and use exfoliators a couple of times a week. At the same time, it is important not to overdo it and not to strive to cleanse the skin to a squeak – this can disrupt its natural hydrolipid balance and enhance the work of the sebaceous glands.

An Example of a Care Scheme

  1. Washing – face wash with activated charcoal
  2. Toning – toner with salicylic acid
  3. Moisturizing – balancing cream with matting effect
  4. Intensive care (1-2 times a week) – cleansing mask with clay and AHA acids

3. Normal Skin

Characteristic Features

An even complexion, unexpressed pores, a healthy glow are all signs of normal skin. This is the most desirable skin type for women, but it is not common. Due to the proper functioning of the sebaceous glands and normal blood circulation, skin cells receive important vitamins and minerals in the right amount.

How to Care for Normal Skin

Despite the fact that normal skin is picky and has no obvious problems, daily complex care is still necessary. Regular hydration plays an important role in helping the skin stay youthful and toned for a long time. Also, do not forget about the other basic steps of care: cleansing and toning.

An Example of a Care Scheme

  1. Washing – foam with snail mucin and green tea
  2. Toning – floral lifting toner
  3. Moisturizing – multi-face cream with peptides and antioxidant complex
  4. Intensive care (1-2 times a week) – rejuvenating mask with a complex of mineral mud

4. Combination skin

Characteristic Features

This kind of skin is most common. As a rule, the combined type is characterized by signs of oily skin in the T-zone – in the forehead, nose and chin. There can be enlarged pores, inflammation and an oily sheen. The rest of the skin, especially around the eyes and on the cheeks, is often prone to dryness.

How to Care for Combination Skin

Caring for combination skin is more difficult than for other types: trying to reduce the activity of the sebaceous glands in one area, you can dry out another. And if you do not provide the periphery of the face with proper hydration and nutrition, wrinkles will appear there faster. Therefore, it is important to select care taking into account the characteristics of different areas.

An Example of a Care Scheme

  1. Washing – cleansing gel for washing
  2. Toning – anti-aging toner with niacinamide
  3. Moisturizing – a cream-corrector for skin prone to redness
  4. Intensive care (1-2 times a week) – exfoliant paste for the face with enzymes

What Else is Important to Know

It should be understood that the type of skin and the cosmetic problems that may arise are not the same thing. Long-term use of unsuitable cosmetics, environmental influences, hormones, nutrition and other factors can cause various skin imperfections, regardless of its type.

So, for example, acne or oily sheen can appear not only on oily skin, and wrinkles – not only on dry skin. In frosty weather, all skin types become drier than usual and require additional nutrition. Periodic imperfections are temporary and amenable to correction, and the skin type is unchanged throughout life.

It is skin problems that can make it difficult to determine its type. And, as a result, it is quite difficult to choose suitable cosmetics on your own. A cosmetologist will help to conduct a skin examination and prescribe further care.

How to Know Which Skin Type You Have

Wash your face with your favorite cleanser and do not use any other skin care products. After two hours, take a paper towel and apply it to your face. Then analyze what the napkin looks like – your skin type depends on it:

There are no stains on the paper – dry skin.

No more than three well-visible greasy spots on the forehead, nose and chin – combination skin.

Weak spots on the forehead, nose and chin are normal skin.

Up to five oily spots in different places – oily skin.

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