What Is Stone Masonry? Types of Stone Masonry
What Is Stone Masonry?
The structure of stones bound with mortar is called stone masonry. The development of varied building components like walls, pillars, tootings, arches, beams, etc.
Stone-masonry is strong, durable, and weather-resistant, compared to brick, used in the construction of piers, docks, dam lighthouses, and other marine structures.
Types of Stone Masonry
There are three main types of stonework:
1. Roble Masonry
2. Ashler Masonry
3. Squared Stone Masonry
1. Roble Masonry:
Do not allow to lay with crumbling, natural stone or with joints as thick as stone or horizontal joints. Stonemasonry can be laid corrugated or corrugated. When examined, the stones are leveled to approximately the horizontal surface at certain heights. These courses are not the same height but can grow step by step. This work is random.
In unregulated debris, the stones are stacked together regardless of course. Without mortar, dry stones were placed on low retaining walls and sloping walls. Low retaining walls, sloping walls, and other structures in part projects were placed in stone masonry.
It fits better in the surroundings than the more formal masonry and is usually built with stones found nearby. For these projects, it is the most attractive stone when well constructed, and satisfies all the requirements of such field structures.
What’s more, stone masonry is a matter of beauty when done well, and its composition and. The pattern calls for good judgment and nation ha. One factor in making fun work is the choice of stones for size. By observing the rule that captions are often used to fasten to a wall, a considerable variation in size is perceived. Chinking irregular spaces between small stones and large stones also add to the pattern.
The choice of stones for shape is another factor that deserves much study. Since it is unnecessary to hold courses of uniform height, odd shapes can be used with fine effect. Occasionally a stone of excellent shape and considerable size can be placed to break more consistency in the pattern. Longer, thinner planes give a horizontal effect, which is very pleasing in low structures.
Mortar joints should be kept uniform with as much thickness as possible. Too many variations in the thickness of the joints can ruin the beauty that the pattern has in other respects. Remember that the wall must be strong, as well as pleasant. So there is more to it than just the pattern on the face to be considered.
There is no need to sacrifice strength for the pattern if you choose the stones for the width that extends through the wall, as well as for the shape and size, and are careful to use a title at every opportunity.
Because of the demand for professionals in this trade, Roble Masonry is one of the best things to learn to handle enrollment, and architects and landscape architects have always needed men who can artistically lay this type of masonry.
2. Ashler Masonry:
Wearing ashlar stone, with uniform thick horizontal joints, is allowed to lay l / 2 inches thick or less. It is divided into two classes:
First, also known as cut-stone work or dimensioned stonework. It is made of rectangular blocks, cut to the indicated dimensions, and placed in courses of uniform height.
Second, broken ashlar, which is move dimensions with rectangular stones, but not of equal thickness, and laid on the wall up courses that aren’t continuous throughout. Courses are not always the same height.
Ashlar is the best class in Complete masonry. Extreme care is used in setting stones. The bed for the stone should be thoroughly clean and damp.
The thin layer of mortar is then spread evenly. The bed of stone is drenched below the surface. The stone was then cut into two pieces of wood laid in a mortar.